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【转载】my translation:南部的犹特人在美国科罗拉多州能源科技方面的创新  

2014-11-17 23:51:22|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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大连翻译职业学院 07 英语系 应用英语一班 唐祎

The union of traditional long-term planning and a contemporary race to the future joined July 29 with the dedication of a biofuels plant on the Southern Ute Indian Reservation.

Southern Ute tribal lands are flanked on the east by Chimney Rock, a centuries-old ceremonial site, and on the west by the famed cliff dwellings of Mesa Verde National Park.

But between the ancient landmarks, a water tower signals the site where algae-inhabited water basins are ready to take their place in the 21st century as progenitors of what may become plentiful, affordable fuels.

The Coyote Gulch Biofuels Pilot Plant is a partnership venture of the increasingly prosperous Southern Ute Tribe and nascent Solix Biofuels, an alternative energy technology partner and startup company of Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colo.

Solix’ goal is to “commercialize technology that can cheaply mass-produce oil derived from algae and turn it into biodiesel – an environmentally friendly solution to high gas prices, greenhouse gas emissions, and volatile global energy markets,” according to CSU.

The process involves the use of closed photobioreactors for low-cost production, with algae contained in plastic panels suspended in shallow water vertically to provide an extended surface area for greater efficiency. Tubes deliver carbon dioxide as a carbon source and the algae create oil – biocrude – through photosynthesis.

Algae are the fastest-growing organisms on the planet, and can produce 100 times more oil per acre than conventional soil-tilled crops that are now being grown for biofuel use,” according to a CSU.

We believe algae has great promise as a source of efficient, cost-effective commercial-scale biofuels production, but not all algae companies are created equal,” Rebecca Kauffman, president and CEO of Southern Ute Alternative Energy, said.

We were impressed with the engineering and systems approach taken by Solix and look forward to working with their talented team to help bring these technologies to the marketplace.”

Widespread construction of photobioreactors may meet the U.S. consumption of diesel fuel – at minimum, an estimated four million barrels per day – by growing algae on less than half of a percent of the nation’s land area, including tracts adjacent to power and ethanol plants.

Algae grown in Solix photobioreactors yielded more than five times the amount of fuel per acre of land per year than agriculture-based fuels, including ethanol from corn and biodiesel from soy and canola at present commercial yields, CSU said.

Solix engineers have created systems that automatically adjust for environmental changes such as sunlight and temperature to optimize growing conditions.”

There could be another benefit, as well. Kaufman said the biofuels facility, located next to an existing natural gas processing plant, “could help to mitigate to some extent” the possible global warming effects of coal-bed methane gas, of which carbon dioxide is a byproduct.

The Southern Ute Reservation, as is the case with Crow and Navajo nations and other Indian lands, has potentially large greenhouse-gas producing resource reserves.

Clean-burning methane gas is in high demand, and the Southern Ute tribal lands sit atop significant coal-bed methane reserves.

Coyote Gulch Biofuels Pilot Plant is a project of the Southern Ute Growth Fund’s Alternative Energy program, the tribe’s newest enterprise, which manages Southern Ute investments in alternative and renewable energy.

Its objective is to “focus on opportunities in areas that will produce positive environmental impacts and that have sound technologies and solid economics,” according to the tribe. “Alternative Energy is currently involved with ventures in wind energy, electrical transmission and biofuels.”

Initial funding of about $10.5 million was led by I2BF Venture Capital, a London-based venture capital firm focused on biofuels, and Bohemian Investments, a private investment company based in Fort Collins.

Others were Southern Ute Alternative Energy, Valero Energy Corp., the largest U.S. oil refinery operator, based in San Antonio, Texas, and Infield Capital, an investment fund focused on emerging clean technology companies, based in Boulder, Colo. The funding supported Solix’ development of technology including its closed photobioreactor system. Further funding provided construction for the pilot plant.

Colorado Gov. Bill Ritter said the project was “innovative and forward-thinking” and is “great news for southwest Colorado, demonstrating that the New Energy Economy is benefiting communities all across the state.”

http://news.newamericamedia.org/news/view_article.html?article_id=6a7aaf31e7aa065eaf0c4505003111c3

联合传统长期计划和将来带有是629日在南部犹太生物石油工厂

的存储竞争。

南部犹特人的群落陆地是Chimney Rock的侧翼,是一个悠久的历史的礼仪,他在平顶山佛得角国际公园的著名的悬崖处所南部的附近。

但是在古老的里程碑就是一个有人居住的水藻流域得水塔信号地准备在二十一世纪可能会由储量丰富、价格便宜的燃料所取代。

在郊狼峡谷生物燃料实验工厂是日益增长的、繁荣的南部犹特人看似形成Solix生物燃料的先驱,可选择能源科技同伴和美国克罗拉多州州立大学的启动公司,Fort Collins, Colo.

Solix的目标是“利用便宜的从水草中大量从水藻中提取转换为生物燃料的科技中牟利-一个对环境友善的解决高油价、温室气体排放、以及全球易变的全国经济市场,”根据信道服务单元所规定的。

这个涉及了是使用低产关闭的生物反应器,它导游水藻包含了垂直于潜水面,为更好的提高效率我们拓展了受热面。碳管作为碳源可以运输二氧化碳和用水藻创造油-通过光和作用的产生的纯天然的燃料。

“水藻是地球上生长最快的有机体,他每英亩比传统用谷物生产生物燃料要快100倍,”根据信息信道服务单元所规定的。

“我们相信水藻有作为高效源、成本节约、商业规模生物燃料生产是很有前景的,但是不是所有的水藻公司的产出都是平等的。”南部犹特可选择能源的总裁和首席执行官Rebecca Kauffman说到。

“我没对这个由Solix按期望于他们优秀团队合作帮住将这些科技带到集会场工程和系统方法留有深刻的印象。”

生物反应器的普遍消耗可能满足美国对柴油的大量需求-最低的预估是每天有四百万筒,其中包含至少占国家领土一半的水藻水藻生长,其中包括用邻近的土地产生的能量和酒精作物产生的。

在用Solix生物反应器的产平均每年的产量比以农业为基础(其中包括从谷物中提取的石油和从大豆中提取的生物柴油以及目前用于商业生产的加拿大油菜),

CSU说。

Solix的工程师已经研发出自动适环境改变的系统例如太阳能和适应生产的最优温度。”

他也会带来另一种利益。. Kaufman说是有燃料工厂坐落在仅靠天然煤气处理工厂的地方,“能在某种场合缓和一下”,这个由二氧化碳为副产品的是用煤层所产生的甲烷气体是切实可行的目标。

南部犹特人的居留地,作为CrowNavajo nations和其他的印第安大陆,已经潜存的生产能源储量的大量温室气体。

清洁的燃烧完全的气体是高需求的,那不犹特的土地就在这个总要的煤层储量地之上。

郊狼峡谷生物燃料实验工厂是南部犹特生产基金的可选择能源的项目的计划,犹特的最新公司是可以控制可选择和可持续的能源的基金。

根据这个群落研究表明:目标是“集中可以产生积极环境影响的区域和那些可以发展经济和实体经济。”“可选择的能源目前涉及风能的冒险和传真和生物燃料。”

12位风险资本财政学学士用大概10500000最初的创始基金,伦敦的风险投资资本主要集中在生物燃料,和波西米亚基金,科斯基提供私人投资公司。

其他的是南方犹特可选择能源、Valero能源谷物,是在桑兰最大的美国的炼油厂,德克萨斯州和其首都Boulder, Colo是集中清洁能源科技的公司。这个资金包括停用的生物反应系统的支持Solix的发展。实验工厂提供进一步提供建设。

Colorado Gov. Bill Ritter说“新发明和进一步的思考”以及他是美国科罗拉多州最南部,演示了新能源经济会是全州都获益的事实.”

 

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